Pacini, Filippo

   Born in Pistoia (Tuscany), Filippo Pacini became famous after his death as the discoverer of cholera. He showed great aptitude for the natural sciences from an early age and in 1830 began his studies at medical school. While still a medical student, he discovered “Pacinian corpuscles,” which established his reputation within the scientific community. In 1849, only 37 years old, he became professor of general and topographic anatomy at the University of Florence. Cholera raged in Florence in the early 1850s, and Pacini began to study the disease. In a paper published in 1854 entitled “Microscopical observations and pathological deductions on cholera,” Pacini affirmed that cholera was a contagious disease provoked by living organisms (that he called “vibrions”) that destroyed the intestines and caused massive loss of fluid. Pacini’s work was almost unknown at the time; the great German scientist Robert Koch would win the Nobel Prize in 1905 for arriving at identical conclusions in the 1880s in work that was much more widely publicized. Pacini’s prior claim was recognized only in 1965, and the organism that causes cholera is now officially known as Vibrio cholerae Pacini 1854. Pacini was a pioneer in the field of microscopical research and personally built, together with his fellow scientist Giovanni Battista Amici, some of the most advanced instruments of the time. These are today housed in the Museum of the History of Science in Florence. Pacini died in Florence in July 1883.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pacini, Filippo — ► (1812 83) Histólogo y anatomista italiano. Descubrió los corpúsculos cutáneos receptores de los estímulos de presión que llevan su nombre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pacini — Pacini, Filippo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Filippo Pacini — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Filippo Pacini Filipo Pacini …   Wikipedia Español

  • Filippo Pacini — 1870 Filippo Pacini (* 25. Mai 1812 in Pistoia; † 9. Juli 1883 in Florenz) war ein italienischer Anatom. Pacini stammte aus einer ärmlichen Familie und sollte zunächst Theologe werden. 1830 erhielt er jedoch ein Stipendium an der angesehenen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pacini-Korpuskel — Anatomische Zeichnung Vater Pacini Körperchen sind rasch adaptierende Mechanorezeptoren der Haut, die besonders gut Vibrationsempfindungen vermitteln. Sie sind benannt nach dem deutschen Anatomen Abraham Vater (1684–1751) und dem italienischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Filippo Pacini — (1870) Filippo Pacini (25 mai 1812–9 juillet 1883) était un anatomiste italien, devenu célèbre après sa mort pour avoir isolé le bacille du choléra (Vibrio cholerae) en 1854, une trentaine d années avant que Robert Koch ne refît cette découverte… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pacini — ist der Name folgender Personen: Alfredo Pacini (1888–1967), vatikanischer Diplomat Filippo Pacini (1812–1883), italienischer Anatom Giovanni Pacini (1796–1867), italienischer Opernkomponist Piero Pacini (* um 1440; † um 1513), italienischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Filippo Galli (bass) — Filippo Galli (1783 – Paris, June 3, 1853) was an Italian opera singer who began his career as a tenor in 1801 but went on to become one of the most acclaimed basses of the Bel Canto era, with a voice known for its wide range, extreme agility,… …   Wikipedia

  • Pacini — may refer to:* Filippo Pacini, an Italian anatomist. * Roberto Pacini, an Italian director, author and theatre and film producer. * Alfredo Pacini, an Italian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. * Giovanni Pacini, an Italian composer.* Pacinian …   Wikipedia

  • Filippo — ist die italienische Variante des männlichen Vornamens Philipp. Bekannte Namensträger Vorname (Auswahl) Filippo Brunelleschi (1377–1446), italienischer Architekt und Bildhauer der Frührenaissance Filippo Inzaghi (* 1973), italienischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.